The High School Course Selection Guide is provided to assist students and families in the planning and registration process. The guide contains a comprehensive list of courses and programs offered for Cumberland County School students.  

2019-2020 HS Course Selection Guide

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Published by Laurie Pender on February 5, 2019

        


The Cumberland County Schools invite parents to be active participants in their children's education.

CCS Information

Student Code of Conduct
Student Code of Conduct – Spanish
2019-2020 HS Course Selection Guide
2019-2020 Middle School Course Selection Guide
2020 CCS Graduation Schedule
CCS’ Athletic Department
CCS’ Bell Schedule
CCS’ Calendars
CCS’ Choice Programs
CCS’ Live United Volunteer Program
CCS’ School Angels Watch Program
CCS’ Student Services Website
CCS University – YouTube Channel
Community Volunteer Services – Volunteer/Mentor Opportunities
Find Your School – Locate School by Address
Free and Reduced Lunch Application Information
Home Base/PowerSchool Login for Parents
Interpretation/Translation Services for Parents
Parent Involvement Opportunities
Prime Time – Before/After School Child Care
Request Transcripts/Student Records Online
Scholarship Information for Students
School System Calendars
Strategic Planning Process
Student Accident Insurance Information
Student Assignment/Transfer Forms
Student Related Policy Codes
Weather Protocol Information for Parents
Web Resources for Curriculum and Instruction
What you Need to Know To Enroll Your Child  
What you Need to Know About NC Read to Achieve  

PTA Links
District PTA Website (Cumberland County)
National PTA Website
State PTA Website (North Carolina)

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Published by Angel Hoggard on October 10, 2019

        


The Cumberland County Schools invite parents to be active participants in their children's education.

CCS Information

Student Code of Conduct
Student Code of Conduct – Spanish
2019-2020 HS Course Selection Guide
2019-2020 Middle School Course Selection Guide
2020 CCS Graduation Schedule
CCS’ Athletic Department
CCS’ Bell Schedule
CCS’ Calendars
CCS’ Choice Programs
CCS’ Live United Volunteer Program
CCS’ School Angels Watch Program
CCS’ Student Services Website
CCS University – YouTube Channel
Community Volunteer Services – Volunteer/Mentor Opportunities
Find Your School – Locate School by Address
Free and Reduced Lunch Application Information
Home Base/PowerSchool Login for Parents
Interpretation/Translation Services for Parents
Parent Involvement Opportunities
Prime Time – Before/After School Child Care
Request Transcripts/Student Records Online
Scholarship Information for Students
School System Calendars
Strategic Planning Process
Student Accident Insurance Information
Student Assignment/Transfer Forms
Student Related Policy Codes
Weather Protocol Information for Parents
Web Resources for Curriculum and Instruction
What you Need to Know To Enroll Your Child  
What you Need to Know About NC Read to Achieve  

PTA Links
District PTA Website (Cumberland County)
National PTA Website
State PTA Website (North Carolina)

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Published by ccsadmin on October 7, 2019

        


Images of CCS teachers with students in various settings

2019-2020 High School Course Selection Guide
2019-2020 Middle School Course Selection Guide
Academically/Intellectually Gifted Program
Career and Technical Education Program
Career Pathways
Curriculum and Instruction Department
Elementary Education Department
ESL – English as a Second Language Department
Exceptional Children’s Services  
Pre-Kindergarten Information  
Read to Achieve Legislation
Secondary Education Department  
Scholarship Information for Students  
Testing Information for Parents and Students  
World Language Department  

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Published by Angel Hoggard on September 30, 2019

        


Notice of Non-Discrimination
In compliance with federal law, Cumberland County Schools will not discriminate against qualified persons with disabilities on the basis of a disability. This non-discrimination policy includes, but is not limited to, benefits of and participation in system programs and activities. The system will provide aids, benefits and school services to a person with disabilities in the most integrated school setting appropriate to his or her needs so that he or she may have an opportunity commensurate to that provided to persons without disabilities to obtain the same results, gain the same benefit or reach the same level of achievement.

Inquiries regarding compliance with Notice of Non-Discrimination may be directed to the Cumberland County Schools’ Exceptional Children’s Services Department at 910.678.2440 or by visiting their site at Exceptional Children’s (EC) Services Department.

Policy Code: 1730/4022/7231 Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disabilities

Equal Employment Opportunity
It is the policy of Cumberland County Schools to provide all applicants for employment with equal employment opportunities and to provide current employees with training, compensation, promotion and other benefits of employment without regard to race, color, religion, national origin, military affiliation, sex, age, genetic information or disability, except when sex, age or physical requirements are essential occupational qualifications. All candidates will be evaluated on their merits and qualifications for positions. All employment decisions will be consistent with the board’s objective of providing students with the opportunity to receive a sound basic education, as required by state law.

Inquiries regarding compliance with Equal Employment Opportunities may be directed to the Cumberland County Schools’ Human Resources Department at 910.678.2629 or by visiting their site at Cumberland County Schools’ Human Resources Department.

Policy Code: 7100 Recruitment and Selection of Personnel

Equal Educational Opportunities

Cumberland County Schools affirms the principle that every student, regardless of race, creed, color, national origin, ethnic origin, sex, cultural or economic background, or disability, should be given an equal opportunity for a sound basic education. Furthermore, no student, on the basis of sex, marital status, pregnancy, or parenthood, will be excluded from participating in, denied the benefits of, or subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity conducted by the school system. The school system will treat its students without discrimination with regard to course offerings, athletics, counseling, employment assistance and extracurricular activities.

Any individual, who believes that he or she has been discriminated against, harassed or bullied is strongly encouraged to file a complaint orally or, preferably, in writing to any of the following individuals:

a. the principal or assistant principal of the school at which either the alleged perpetrator or alleged victim attends or is employed;
b. an immediate supervisor if the individual making the complaint is an employee;
c. an associate superintendent or designee if the alleged perpetrator or alleged victim is an employee of the school system (or the superintendent if the associate superintendent is the alleged perpetrator);
d. the Title IX coordinator, Sharon President at 910.678.2328 for claims of sex discrimination or sexual harassment (see policy 1710/4021/7230  for contact information);
e. the Section 504 Coordinator, Natasha Scott at 910.678.2433 or the ADA Coordinator, Laura Young at 910.678.2591 for claims of discrimination on the basis of a disability (see policy 1710/4021/7230  for contact information); or
f. for claims of other forms of prohibited discrimination, the applicable civil rights coordinator as established in policy 1710/4021/7230.

Policy Code: 4001 Equal Educational Opportunities

Title IX
The Cumberland County Schools Board acknowledges the dignity and worth of all students and employees and strives to create a safe, orderly, caring and inviting school environment to facilitate student learning and achievement.  The board prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, disability or age and will provide equal access to the Boy Scouts and other designated youth groups as required by law.  The board will not tolerate any form of unlawful discrimination, harassment or bullying in any of its educational or employment activities or programs. 

Inquiries regarding compliance with Title IX may be directed to the Title IX Coordinator, Sharon President at 910.678.2328.

Policy Code: 1710/4021/7230 Prohibition Against Discrimination, Harassment, and Bullying

Policy Code: 1720/4015/7225 Discrimination, Harassment and Bullying Complaint Procedure

Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disabilities
Cumberland County Schools will not discriminate against qualified persons with disabilities on the basis of a disability.  This non-discrimination policy includes, but is not limited to, benefits of and participation in system programs and activities.  The system will provide aids, benefits and school services to a person with disabilities in the most integrated school setting appropriate to his or her needs so that he or she may have an opportunity commensurate to that provided to persons without disabilities to obtain the same results, gain the same benefit or reach the same level of achievement.

Inquiries regarding compliance with Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disabilities may be directed to the Section 504 Coordinator, Natasha Scott at 910.678.2433 or the ADA Coordinator, Laura Young at 910.678.2591. 

Policy Code: 1710/4021/7230 Prohibition Against Discrimination, Harassment, and Bullying

Policy Code: 1730/4022/7231 Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disabilities

Student and Parent Grievance Procedure

Cumberland County Schools strives to resolve concerns and complaints of students and parents whenever possible. To this end, the board has provided opportunities for students and parents to express their concerns through processes established in board policies. Policy Code: 1742/5060 Responding to Complaints, identifies these different processes, including a mechanism for resolving complaints in an informal manner.

While the board encourages resolutions of complaints through informal means, it recognizes that at times a formal process may be necessary for certain types of complaints or if the informal process did not produce satisfactory results. 

This policy does not apply to grievances alleging discrimination, harassment or bullying, including complaints arising under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) or Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act. Such grievances shall be processed under Policy Code: 1720/4015/7225 Discrimination, Harassment and Bullying Complaint Procedure.

Any parent or student who has questions about the options for proceeding with a complaint or concern may contact the principal or superintendent for further information and copies of all applicable board policies.

Inquiries regarding the process and guidelines for compliances with Student and Parent Grievance Procedures may be directed to Policy Code: 1740/4010 Student and Parent Grievance Procedure.

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Published by Angel Hoggard on August 1, 2019

        


High School Course Selection Guide

The High School Course Selection Guide gives listed descriptions of the courses offered in the Cumberland County Schools. Course selection should be a carefully planned process following the steps outlined in the “How to Use This Guide” section of the guide. Consideration should be taken that not every course is presently being taught at each high school, therefore, students should consult the course listings provided at their particular school.

2019-2020 High School Course Selection Guide

Image of graduates from behind in line to enter auditorium for ceremonyScholastic Aptitude Test (SAT)

The SAT now is a three-part assessment, consisting of mathematics, critical reading, and writing. 

College Board SAT Prep Website 

Scholarship/Financial Aid Information

Scholarships are generally classified according to academic merit, talent, or financial need. 

CCS Counselor Department Financial Aid Resources Website

Learning to drive a car. Driving school. Driver education.

Driver Education

The Cumberland County Schools offer Driver Education after school hours with two sessions during the Fall and Spring semesters and two summer sessions are offered annually.

Driver Education Website

 

Live United Volunteer Program

The Cumberland County Schools has partnered with the United Way of Cumberland County to create a countywide volunteer program that will enable all students to serve their community and give them exposure to community programs and resources. The goal of this project is to increase student opportunities for community service in order to provide invaluable experience and meet college application requirements. Students earning a specific number of hours will earn a service cord at graduation.

CCS’ Live United Volunteer Program Website

CCS Graduations 2020

Image of graduates in black gowns tossing their caps in the air with a blue sky in the backgroundTuesday, May 26, 2020 – FSU- Seabrook Auditorium
8:00 a.m. – Cumberland Polytechnic High School
11:00 a.m. – A. B. Wilkins High School
2:00 p.m. – Cumberland International Early College
5:00 p.m. – Cross Creek Early College

Tuesday, May 28, 2020 – Cumberland County Crown Theatre
8:00 p.m. – Reid Ross Classical School
1:00 p.m. – Massey Hill Classical School

Wednesday, June 1, 2020 – Cumberland County Crown Coliseum
8:00 a.m. – Douglas Byrd High School
11:00 a.m. – Westover High School
2:00 p.m. – Terry Sanford High School
5:00 p.m. – Seventy-First High School
8:00 p.m. – South View High School

Thursday, June 2, 2020 – Cumberland County Crown Coliseum
8:00 a.m. – E.E. Smith High School
11:00 a.m. – Gray’s Creek High School
2:00 p.m. – Pine Forest High School
5:00 p.m. – Cape Fear High School
8:00 p.m. – Jack Britt High School

Printable version 2020 Graduation Schedules

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Published by Angel Hoggard on July 30, 2019

        


The Cumberland County Schools offers numerous resources for students and parents.


Student Code of Conduct
Student Code of Conduct – Spanish
2019-2020 HS Course Selection Guide
2019-2020 Middle School Course Selection Guide
2020 CCS Graduation Schedule

Academically/Intellectually Gifted Program
CCS’ Athletic Department
CCS’ Bell Schedule
CCS’ Live United Volunteer Program
CCS’ Student Services Department
Destiny Media Services
Driver’s Education Information  
Find Your School – Locate School by Address  
Monthly School Lunch Menus  
Student Related Policy Codes  
Request Transcripts/Student Records Online  
SAT Information for Students  
Scholarship Information for Students  
School System Calendars  
Student Acceptable Use Policy  
Summer Camps and Enrichment Opportunities  
Web Resources for Curriculum and Instruction  

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Published by Angel Hoggard on July 30, 2019

        


CUMBERLAND COUNTY SCHOOLS’ STUDENT CODE OF CONDUCT 2019-2020

VISION STATEMENT
Every student will have equitable access to engaging learning that prepares them to be collaborative, competitive, and successful in our global world.

MISSION STATEMENT
Cumberland County Schools will provide a safe, positive, and rigorous learning environment to prepare lifelong learners to reach their maximum potential.

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE
An educated citizenry is essential to good government in this country and cannot exist without effective public schools that offer a high-quality education to all students. The goal of student discipline is to maintain safe and caring schools, to teach students to behave in ways that contribute to academic achievement and school success and to support a school environment where students and staff are responsible and respectful. As such, school disciplinary measures should be used to preserve the safety of students and staff. Cumberland County Schools is committed to providing an environment where teaching and learning take place in an atmosphere free from disruption and obstacles that impede learning.

NON-DISCRIMINATION STATEMENT
The Cumberland County Schools does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, sex, disability, age, genetic information, or another prohibited basis in its programs and activities and provides equal access to designated youth groups.  The following office has been designated to handle inquiries regarding the non-discrimination policies:

Name and/or Title:  Office of School Support
Address:  P.O. Box 2357, Fayetteville, NC  28302
Telephone No: (910) 678-2495

Cumberland County Schools is committed to Title IX compliance.  Inquiries concerning Title IX may be referred to each school’s principal, who serves as the Title IX coordinator for each school, or to the United States Department of Education Office of Civil Rights.

GENERAL PROVISIONS
Students should recognize their responsibility to know the contents of this Student Code of Conduct and to ask the local school administration or staff for any clarification.  All students, regardless of age, are subject to the rules and regulations of Cumberland County Public Schools.  Each local school will review the contents of this handbook with its students.

All students are expected to comply with all rules governing behavior and conduct.  It is the responsibility of the principal/assistant principal to investigate fully the cases of students appropriately referred to his/her office for misbehavior, to ensure fair treatment of such students and protection of their procedural and substantive rights, and to determine what, if any, disciplinary action is warranted.  The teacher shall have the responsibility and authority to discipline students, except in those cases requiring the attention of the principal/assistant principal. 

  • Unless otherwise specified, and/or with the exception of a Class V violation as later defined, this code shall apply to all students in the system before, during, and after school hours while at school, in any school building, and on any school premises; on any school-owned vehicle or in any other vehicle used to transport students to and from any school or school activities; bus stops; off school property at any school-sponsored or school-approved activity, event, or function, including athletics; and during any period of time when students are subject to the authority of school personnel; to include conduct which occurs off school property which has or is reasonably expected to have a direct and immediate impact on the orderly and efficient operation of the schools or the safety of individuals in the school environment.

  • The principal/assistant principal of the school to which the student is officially enrolled shall be responsible for imposing any disciplinary action upon the student for rule violations occurring away from the student’s home school.

  • Any student who drives a vehicle onto any Cumberland County Schools’ property is responsible for the contents of that vehicle. Prior to coming onto Cumberland County Schools’ property, students should ensure that the vehicle does not contain any contraband which would violate the law or any school rule. 

  • Possession shall be defined as the prohibited item being on the person, in the student’s personal effects, vehicle, locker, desk, or in the immediate control of the student.

In assigning appropriate disciplinary consequences under this Code of Conduct, eligible students will be given all rights as provided by the IDEA, Section 504 of the 1973 Rehabilitation Act and the 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act.  Procedures on implementing requirements for students with disabilities are found in Policies Governing Services for Children with Disabilities and Section 504 Procedures and Guidelines handbook.

During the period that a student is suspended or disciplinarily reassigned to an alternative program, he/she is prohibited from entering the grounds of any school in the Cumberland County School system or from attending any school-related functions, including graduation, without the express permission of the building principal.  During a period in which a student is long-term suspended or disciplinarily reassigned to an alternative program, the student is prohibited from any Cumberland County School system property other than the alternative school/program to which the student has been reassigned.

Violation of Board policies, this student Code of Conduct, any behavior management plan or regulations issued by the individual school, or any North Carolina General Statutes may result in disciplinary action including expulsion or suspension of the student from Cumberland County Schools pursuant to the Due Process Procedures for Cumberland County Schools.

Violations of the Cumberland County Schools’ Student Code of Conduct may result in a Disciplinary Reassignment to an alternative education program.  If the principal determines that a Disciplinary Reassignment is appropriate, the principal may recommend to the superintendent or his/her designee that the student be reassigned to an alternative educational program. 

Disciplinary reassignment of a student to a full-time educational program that meets the academic requirements of the standard course of study established by the State Board of Education and provides the student with the opportunity to make timely progress towards graduation and grade promotion is not a long-term suspension requiring the due process procedures described in Policy 4353 – Long-Term Suspension, 365-Day Suspension, Expulsion.

In addition to the compulsory attendance law, if the student fails to enroll in and regularly attend the alternative educational setting as reassigned, or other appropriate school (e.g. private or charter school, North Carolina Virtual Public School, etc.), the disciplinary reassignment will continue until such time as reassignment to the home school is appropriate as determined by the superintendent or his/her designee.  A disciplinary reassignment may continue for a period up to and including that which could be imposed for a long-term suspension.  In addition, if the offense(s) leading to the disciplinary reassignment occurs during the final quarter of the school year, the reassignment may include a period up to the remainder of the school year in which the offense was committed and the first semester of the following school year.

In the event of any conflict, inconsistency, or omission involving this printed Student Code of Conduct and Board Polices, those polices shall control. Board Policies may be viewed on the CCS website at www.ccs.k12.nc.us., and are incorporated in this Student Code of Conduct by reference.

VIOLATIONS & CONSEQUENCES
Violations of the Student Code of Conduct shall be dealt with in accordance with the guidelines established in the school’s behavior management plan (see Policy 4302 – School Plan for Management of Student Behavior).

Minor Violations

Minor violations of the Student Code of Conduct are those less severe infractions which involve a lower degree of dangerousness and harm.  Examples of minor violations include the use of inappropriate or disrespectful language, noncompliance with a staff directive, dress code violations and minor physical altercations that do not involve weapons or injury.  Aggravating circumstances, however, may justify treating an otherwise minor violation as a serious violation.

Minor violations of the Student Code of Conduct may result in disciplinary measures or responses up to and including short-term suspension.  Further information regarding the procedures for short-term suspensions is provided in Policy 4351 – Short-Term Suspension.  Other disciplinary measures or responses may include, but are not limited to, the following:

  1. parental involvement, such as conferences;
  2. time-out for short periods of time;
  3. behavior improvement agreements;
  4. instruction in conflict resolution and anger management;
  5. peer mediation;
  6. individual or small group sessions with the school counselor;
  7. academic intervention;
  8. in-school suspension;
  9. detention before and/or after school or on Saturday;
  10. community service;
  11. exclusion from graduation ceremonies;
  12. exclusion from extracurricular activities;
  13. suspension from bus privileges;

The parent or guardian is responsible for transportation that may be required to carry out the consequence.  With the exception of suspension from bus privileges, if a parent or guardian is unable to provide transportation, another consequence will be substituted. 

Serious Violations

Serious violations of the Student Code of Conduct may result in disciplinary reassignment or any of the other consequences which may be imposed for minor violations.  In addition, serious violations that either (1) threaten the safety of students, staff or school visitors or (2) threaten to substantially disrupt the educational environment may result in long-term suspension or expulsion.  Certain violations involving firearms or explosive devices may result in a 365-day suspension. Further information about the procedures for disciplinary reassignments is provided in Policy 4354 – Disciplinary Reassignments.

Information regarding the standards and procedures for long-term suspensions, 365-day suspensions and expulsions is provided in Policies 4351 – Short-Term Suspension and 4353 – Long-Term Suspension, 365-Day Suspension, Expulsion.  (See also Policy 4333 – Weapons, Bomb Threats, Terrorist Threats and Clear Threats to Safety, for information regarding 365-day suspensions for certain firearms violations.)


CLASS I VIOLATIONS

Behaviors that do not significantly violate the rights of others, and do not appear chronic.

Dress Code Violation
Inappropriate Items onSchool Property/Use
Falsification of Information      
Inappropriate Language/Disrespect
Gambling                                           
Medication 
Honor Code Violation                   
Possession/Use of Tobacco
Insubordination                             
Truancy*
* Maximum of two (2) days suspension for each offense

Grade: PreK – 5
First Offense: This violation will result in disciplinary action as determined proper by the building principal to include documentation of notification to the parent/guardian.
Second & Subsequent Offense(s): This violation may result in disciplinary action as determined proper by the building principal which may include short-term suspension not to exceed 5 days.

Grade: 6-8
First Offense: This violation will result in disciplinary action as determined proper by the building principal to include documentation of notification to the parent/guardian and/or In-School Suspension.
Second & Subsequent Offense(s): This violation may result in assignment to In-School Suspension and/or short-term suspension not to exceed 5 days.

Grade: 9-12 
First Offense: This violation will result in disciplinary action as determined proper by the building principal up to and including documentation of notification to the parent/guardian and/or In-School Suspension.
Second & Subsequent Offense(s): This violation may result in assignment to In-School Suspension and/or short-term suspension not to exceed 5 days.


CLASS II VIOLATIONS

Behaviors that significantly violate the rights of others or put others at risk of harm.

Bullying
Hazing       
Communicating Threats to a Student Possession of Alcohol
Cyber Bullying           
Possession of Chemical/Drug Paraphernalia         
Possession of Counterfeit Items           
Disruptive Behavior           
Extortion
Property Damage  – Less than $1,000         
Theft – Value Less than $1,000
Harassment – Verbal           
Use of Counterfeit Items            
Disorderly Conduct

Grade: PreK-5
First Offense: This violation may result in short-term suspension or other disciplinary measures as deemed necessary by the building principal.
Second Offense: This violation may result in short-term suspension up to 10 days. 
Third and Subsequent Offense(s): This violation may result in short-term suspension and/or disciplinary reassignment to an alternative program as deemed necessary by the building principal.

Grade: 6-8
First Offense: This violation may result in assignment to In-School Suspension and/or short-term suspension.
Second Offense: This violation may result in In-School Suspension, short-term suspension and/or disciplinary reassignment to an alternative program not to exceed 45 days.
Third and Subsequent Offense(s): This violation may result in short-term suspension and/or disciplinary reassignment to an alternative program or long-term suspension.

Grade: 9-12
First Offense: This violation may result in assignment to In-School Suspension and/or short-term suspension.
Second Offense: This violation may result in short-term suspension and/or disciplinary reassignment to an alternative program not to exceed 45 days.
Third and Subsequent Offense(s): This violation may result in short-term suspension and/or disciplinary reassignment to an alternative program or long-term suspension.


CLASS III VIOLATIONS

Behaviors that significantly violate the rights of others or put others at risk of harm, and violate CCS policies, or North Carolina policies or laws.

Adult Taking Indecent Liberties with Minor  
Kidnapping
Affray
Off-Campus Consumption of Alcohol/Controlled Substances
Aggressive Behavior 
Possession of a Weapon
Assault Involving Use of a Weapon (except firearms)
Possession of Controlled Substance/Selling
Assault Resulting in Serious Injury
Property Damage – More than $1,000
Assault on Student
Assault on School Personnel
Assault/Other
Rape
Bomb Threats (dynamite, cartridge, bomb, grenade, mine, or powerful explosive)
Robbery With a Dangerous Weapon
Breaking/Entering a School Building/Property
Robbery Without a Dangerous Weapon
Burning of a School Building
Sexual Assault/Sexual Battery
Communicating Threats to an Adult
Sexual Misconduct
Communicating Threats of Mass Violence
Sexual Offense
False Fire Alarm
Theft – Value More than $1,000
Fighting
Unlawfully Setting a Fire
Gang Activity
Use of and/or Distribution of Alcoholic Beverage 
Harassment – Gender-Based
Harassment – Sexual
Harassment – Other Prohibited Bases
Use of Controlled Substance

Grade: Prek-5
First and Subsequent Offense(s): This violation may result in out-of-school suspension for up to 10 days and/or disciplinary reassignment to an alternative program depending on the severity of the offense.

Grade: 6-8
First and Subsequent Offense(s): 
This violation may result in short-term suspension for up to 10 days and/or disciplinary reassignment to an alternative program or long-term suspension depending on the severity of the offense.

Grade: 9-12
First and Subsequent Offense(s): 
This violation may result in short-term suspension and/or disciplinary reassignment to an alternative program or long-term suspension or expulsion.


CLASS IV VIOLATION

Possession of Firearm or Destructive Device (a weapon, including a starter gun, which will or is designed to or may readily be converted to expel a projectile by the action of an explosive, the frame or receiver of any such weapon, or any firearm muffler or firearm silencer.  The term shall not include an inoperable antique firearm, a BB gun, stun gun, air rifle, or air pistol.) 

All Grades:
Penalty:
 This violation may result in a 365-calendar day suspension.  The superintendent may modify the consequence pursuant to Policy 4353 – Long-Term Suspension, 365-Day Suspension, or Expulsion or pursuant to Policy 4354 – Disciplinary Reassignment to an Alternative Program.


CLASS V VIOLATIONS

Behavior indicates that the student’s continued presence in school constitutes a clear threat to the safety of other students or school personnel. This includes any student subject to sex offender registration pursuant to N.C.G.S.  §14-208.18.

Grades: 9-12 
In accordance with NC General Statute 115C-390.11(a), a local board of education may, upon recommendation of the principal and superintendent, expel any student who is 14 years of age or older whose behavior indicates that the student’s continued presence in school constitutes a clear threat to the safety of other students or school personnel.

In accordance with N.C.G.S. §115C-390.11(a)(2), a local board of education may expel any student subject to sex offender registration pursuant to N.C.G.S. §14-208.18.

Death By Other Than Natural Causes

Penalty: Expulsion in accordance with 115C-390.11(a) The local Board of Education shall consider whether there is an alternative program that may be offered by the local school Administrative unit to provide educational services.


BUS MISBEHAVIOR VIOLATION

Bus Misbehavior

Grade: PreK-5 
First & Repeated Offenses: 
This violation will result in suspension from the school bus and/or disciplinary action deemed appropriate by principal. 

Grades: 6-12
First & Repeated Offenses: This violation will result in suspension from the school bus and/or disciplinary action deemed appropriate by principal.


DEFINITIONS

CLASS I VIOLATIONS

DRESS CODE VIOLATION
The dress code violation includes wearing, decorating or adorning clothing that is inappropriate to the learning process.  Clothing that reveals undergarments, chest, breasts, navel, buttocks or any private body part will be considered inappropriate for the school setting.  Any article that displays, suggests, promotes, or reveals a lewd, vulgar, unsafe, violent or sexual message through language, images and/or symbols is prohibited.

FALSIFICATION OF INFORMATION
Falsification of information is a false statement meant to deceive or give a wrong impression.

GAMBLING
Gambling means to bet money or wager anything on the outcome of a game, contest, or other events.

HONOR CODE VIOLATION
Cheating, plagiarism, dishonesty, falsification of assignments and signatures, violation of software regulations or copyright laws, and inappropriate computer access are considered honor code violations.  Also, selling merchandise, magazines, newspapers, or other property on school grounds, unless the same is an approved school activity, is considered private enterprise and an honor code violation.

INAPPROPRIATE ITEMS ON SCHOOL PROPERTY/USE
Any device disruptive to the school environment to include electronic devices, including but not limited to cell phones, tablets, digital cameras, and laser devices, will not be displayed or utilized while on the school bus or on school premises during the school day unless utilized for educational purposes as approved by the school administration.

INAPPROPRIATE LANGUAGE/DISRESPECT
Any communication used to degrade, disrespect, or that is abusive in nature, whether by signs, symbols, or gestures is prohibited in the school environment.

INSUBORDINATION
Refusal to comply with all appropriate or reasonable directions of principals, teachers, School Resource Officers, substitute teachers, student teachers, teacher assistants, bus drivers, volunteers and all other school personnel who are authorized to give such directions during any period of time when students are subject to the authority of such school personnel.

MEDICATION
Unauthorized possession of any prescription or non-prescription drugs in violation of medication protocol.

POSSESSION/USE OF TOBACCO
The term “tobacco product” means any product that contains or is made or derived from tobacco and is intended for human consumption, including all lighted and smokeless tobacco products, as well as electronic cigarettes, vaporizers, and other electronic smoking devices even if they do not contain tobacco or nicotine.

TRUANCY
Each student will be assigned a school schedule and must adhere to that schedule except when excused by the principal or a teacher authorized to excuse a student.

CLASS II VIOLATIONS

BULLYING
Bullying is a form of harassment.  Bullying means the repeated intimidation of others by the real or threatened infliction of physical, verbal, written, electronically transmitted or emotional abuse or through destruction or theft of property of another.  Bullying may include, but is not limited to, verbal taunts, name-calling, and put-downs, rumor spreading, extortion of money or possessions, implied or stated threats, and exclusion from peer groups.

COMMUNICATING THREATS TO A STUDENT
Threatening actions include language that reasonably threatens force of violence and any sign or action that reasonably constitutes a threat of force or violence toward another student.

CYBERBULLYING 
Cyberbullying includes but is not limited to the following misuses of any school or non-school  technology resources or networks: harassing, threatening, teasing, intimidating, humiliating, embarrassing, terrorizing another student or school employee by sending or posting such inappropriate or hurtful email messages, instant messages, text messages, text/digital pictures or images, or through social media websites and blogs.  

DISORDERLY CONDUCT
Disorderly conduct is any action that disrupts the peace and order of the school.  Trespassing/Loitering is also included as a part of disorderly conduct.  Trespassing to include loitering is the presence of any student on the campus of another school in the Cumberland County School system without the knowledge and consent of the officials of the school he/she is visiting.  Any student who has been suspended from school will be considered trespassing if he/she appears on school property during the suspension period without the express permission of the principal.

DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOR

  • Disruptive behavior constitutes any physical or verbal action which reasonably could or does substantially disrupt, disturb, or interfere with the peace, order, and/or discipline within the learning environment or during any school-related activity.
  • Disruptive behavior also constitutes any verbal, physical, or visual forms (including cell phone and/or other digital images/recordings/sexting) of a sexual nature that create a hostile or abusive educational environment for other students.
  • Disruptive behavior also includes the unauthorized photographing and audio and/or video recording of student voices and/or images by cell phone, digital camera, video recorder, or other devices on school property or at a school-related activity that is disruptive to the school environment.
  • Disruptive behavior is also any action, comments, or written messages intended to cause others to fight or which might reasonably be expected to result in a fight.  
  • Disruptive behavior also includes distribution of over the counter medications.
  • No student shall possess or wear any clothing, jewelry, emblems, badges, symbols, signs or other items, which indicate a student’s membership or desired membership or affiliation with a gang.
  • No student shall possess pyrotechnics and incendiary devices or materials intended to result in an explosion and/or fire on school property, any school-sponsored event, or any activity representing Cumberland County schools. Pyrotechnics and incendiary devices include, but are not limited to: lighters, explosive caps for toy pistols, fireworks, snake and glow works, smoke devices, trick noisemakers, wire sparklers, and other sparkling devices.

EXTORTION
Extortion is the use of one’s position or power to obtain property, funds, or patronage.

HARASSMENT-VERBAL
Verbal harassment means to worry, torment, trouble, verbally attack, or irritate persistently any student, school employee, or any other person.

HAZING
To annoy any student by playing abusive or ridiculous tricks upon him, to frighten, scold, or harass him or to subject him to personal indignity is hazing.

POSSESSION OF ALCOHOL
Any student possessing any malt beverages, fortified or unfortified wine, or spirituous liquor, in any amount or form to include any alcoholic beverage on school property owned or leased by the local Board of Education, school bus stop or at any school-sponsored event is prohibited.

POSSESSION OF CHEMICAL AND DRUG PARAPHERNALIA
Possession or delivery of drug paraphernalia or any other item used for inhaling/ingesting any controlled substance, narcotic, alcohol or chemical.

POSSESSION OF COUNTERFEIT ITEMS
Possessing any false item, which, without authorization, bears a trademark, tradename, or other identifying marks, imprint, number or device to include currency, is prohibited.

PROPERTY DAMAGE – LESS THAN $1,000
Damage is intentionally damaging or attempting to damage, any school property or private property while under school jurisdiction.

THEFT –  VALUE LESS THAN $1,000
Theft is stealing, attempting to steal, or possessing stolen property having reason to know it was stolen.

USE OF COUNTERFEIT ITEMS
Use of any counterfeit item, which the person thereof obtains, or attempts to obtain, money, property, services, or something of value is prohibited.

CLASS III VIOLATIONS

ADULT TAKING INDECENT LIBERTIES WITH A MINOR
Committing a sexual act with or in the presence of a child under the age of 16 years, by a person at least age 16 and at least five years older than the child, for sexual gratification, regardless of whether force was used, or whether the victim consented.

AFFRAY
An affray is a fight between three or more students on school property or at a school-related activity.

AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR
This attempted assault occurs when a student behaves in such a manner as could reasonably cause physical injury to any student or staff member. This definition also includes the accidental striking of an adult while attempting to break up a fight.

ASSAULT INVOLVING USE OF A WEAPON (except firearms)
Assault with a weapon or other object that could reasonably be considered a weapon.  A weapon includes any incendiary device defined under Class II, or any weapon or dangerous instrument defined in Class III, or any firearms or explosive device defined in Class IV.

ASSAULT RESULTING IN SERIOUS INJURY
An intentional act or attempt by force or violence to do injury to the person of another that causes reasonable apprehension of immediate bodily harm resulting in one of the following:  (1) substantial risk of death, (2) serious permanent disfigurement, (3) a coma, (4) a permanent or protracted condition that causes extreme pain, (5) permanent or protracted loss or impairment of the function of any bodily member or organ, or (6) that results in prolonged hospitalization.

ASSAULT ON SCHOOL PERSONNEL
Attempted or actual hitting, striking, emitting bodily fluids, utilizing any foreign substance, or other use of force upon a school official, employee or school volunteer who is not a student.

ASSAULT ON STUDENT
Attempted or actual hitting, striking, emitting bodily fluids, utilizing any foreign substance, or other use of force upon a student.

ASSAULT/OTHER
Attempted or actual hitting, striking, emitting bodily fluids, utilizing any foreign substance, or other use of force upon a non-student or non-school employee.

BOMB THREATS (dynamite, cartridge, bomb, grenade, mine, or powerful explosive)
Communicating a report, while knowing or having reason to know the report is false, that there is located on any school premises a device designed to cause damage or destruction by an explosion, blasting, or burning.  Placing on any school premises with the intent of perpetrating a hoax, any device that would appear to a reasonable person to be a bomb or similar instrument capable of causing injury and/or damage. (G.S. 14.69.1 et.seq. or G.S. 14-69.2)

BREAKING/ENTERING OF A SCHOOL BUILDING/PROPERTY
The wrongful breaking or entering of any school building, school-owned vehicle, or secured property of the Cumberland County Board of Education at any time is prohibited.  This includes the CCS network, computers, systems, and programs.

BURNING OF A SCHOOL BUILDING
Any person who maliciously and willfully sets fire to, burns or causes to be burned i.e. aids, directs or procures the burning of any school building owned, leased or used by the public schools.

COMMUNICATING THREATS OF MASS VIOLENCE
It is a Class III Violation for any student to, by means of any form of communication, share, state, spread or circulates any sort of threat that an act of mass violence may or will occur on educational property or at any curricular or extracurricular activity sponsored by a school.  For purposes of this rule, the intent is irrelevant, and examples of covered forms of communication include any oral or written communication, creation of documents, drawings or images, threatening or symbolic gestures, or threatening, distracting, or provoking behavior concerning, directed toward, or in the presence of any person.  Additional examples of prohibited forms of communication which violate this rule include creation or dissemination of a “hit list,” list of “people to kill,” list of “people to shoot,” or any statement referencing bringing a weapon to school in order to harm people.

COMMUNICATING THREATS TO AN ADULT
Threatening actions include language that reasonably threatens force of violence and any sign or action that reasonably constitutes a threat of force or violence toward any school employee or any other adult.

FALSE FIRE ALARM
Students will not initiate a false fire alarm on any school premises.

FIGHTING
Fighting is the act of two or more persons involved in a physical conflict such as hitting or kicking another student or other person.  A student who is attacked may use reasonable force in self-defense, but only to the extent to free himself/herself from the attack and notify proper school authorities.  A student who exceeds this reasonable force may be disciplined even though he/she may not have provoked the fight.

GANG ACTIVITY
Gang activity shall be defined as any act(s) that further promotes gangs or gang-related activities or which threatens or intimidates another person or disrupts the educational environment on school premises or during any school-sponsored activity which includes, but is not limited to:  (1) communicating either verbally or non-verbally (hand signs, gestures, handshakes, slogans, drawings, etc.), to convey membership or affiliation with a gang; (2) defacing school or personal property with gang-related graffiti, symbols or slogans; (3) requiring payment of protection, insurance, or otherwise intimidating or threatening any person related to gang activity; (4) inciting other students to intimidate or to act with physical violence upon any other person related to gang activity; (5) soliciting others for gang membership; (6) committing any other illegal act or other violation of the Cumberland County Schools’ policies that relate to gang activity e.g. gang-related assault on student.

HARASSMENT – SEXUAL
Sexual harassment may consist of unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, or other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature. Sexually harassing conduct includes, but is not limited to, deliberate, unwelcome touching that has sexual connotations or is of a sexual nature, suggestions or demands for sexual involvement accompanied by implied or overt promises of preferential treatment or threats, pressure for sexual activity, continued or repeated offensive sexual flirtations, advances or propositions, continued or repeated verbal remarks about an individual’s body, sexually degrading words used toward an individual or to describe an individual, sexual assault, sexual violence, or the display of sexually suggestive drawings, objects, pictures or written materials. Acts of verbal, nonverbal or physical aggression, intimidation or hostility based on sex, but not involving sexual activity or language, may be combined with incidents of sexually harassing conduct to determine if the incidents of sexually harassing conduct are sufficiently serious to create a sexually hostile environment.

HARASSMENT – GENDER-BASED
Gender-based harassment is also a type of harassment. Gender-based harassment may include acts of verbal, nonverbal, or physical aggression, intimidation, or hostility based on sex or sex-stereotyping but not involving conduct of a sexual nature.

HARASSMENT – OTHER PROHIBITED BASES
Harassment may include, but is not limited to, harassing behavior that is reasonably perceived as being motivated by any actual or perceived differentiating characteristic or motivated by an individual’s association with a person who has or is perceived to have a differentiating characteristic, such as race, color, religion, ancestry, national origin, gender, socioeconomic status, academic status, gender identity, physical appearance, sexual orientation, or mental, physical, developmental, or sensory disability.

KIDNAPPING
Confining, restraining or removing from one place to another a person, without his/her or the victim’s or a minor victim’s parents’ consent, for the purpose of committing a felony; or holding a victim as a hostage or for ransom, or for use as a shield. A parent taking a child in violation of a court order, although it may be a crime, is not kidnapping for this purpose.

OFF-CAMPUS CONSUMPTION OF ALCOHOL/CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES
The rule is violated when a student consumes any amount of alcohol or prohibited substance off-campus and then presents him or herself on school property owned or leased by the local Board of Education, school bus stop, or at any school-sponsored event and a school official detects the physical characteristics of, e.g., odor, slurred speech, erratic behavior, bloodshot/glassy eyes, etc., the student’s consumption of alcohol or prohibited substance.

POSSESSION OF A WEAPON
Possessing, handling or transferring, whether openly or concealed, without educational permission or consent, any BB gun, stun gun, air rifle, air pistol, facsimile of a gun, knife, ice pick, dagger, slingshot, leaded cane, loaded cane, sword cane, machete, switchblade knife, blackjack, metallic knuckles, razors, razor blades, box cutters, pepper spray, mace, ammunition, explosives, explosive-making material, chemicals, or any other object that can reasonably be considered a weapon or dangerous instrument.

POSSESSION OF CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES/SELLING
This offense includes possession, distribution or sale by a student of a controlled substance of the N.C. Controlled Substances Act or any counterfeit controlled substance.  This includes, but is not limited to, marijuana, synthetic marijuana (Spice or similar product), MDPV and mephedrone (e.g. bath salts) cocaine, methamphetamine, barbiturate, heroin, mescaline, LSD, codeine, opium, ecstasy, Vicodin, Percocet, oxycontin (or generic derivatives) or any other hallucinogenic drug.  Possession shall be defined as the substance being on the person, in the student’s personal effects, vehicle, locker or desk or in the immediate control of the student in any amount or in any form.  This offense also includes the unauthorized distribution of any prescription drug.

PROPERTY DAMAGE – MORE THAN $1,000
Damage is intentionally damaging or attempting to damage, any school property or private property while under school jurisdiction.

RAPE
Rape may be statutory or forcible.  Forcible Rape is committed by force and without the consent of the victim, regardless of age.  Statutory Rape is committed on a child under the age of 16 by a person who is at least 12 years old and at least four years older than the victim, regardless of whether the victim consented.

ROBBERY WITH A DANGEROUS WEAPON
This includes theft or attempted theft of anything of value from the person of another, or from the area under the immediate bodily control of the other, by using a dangerous weapon or by an act threatening use of a dangerous weapon.  A dangerous weapon is any article, instrument or substance that is likely to produce death or great bodily harm.  Forcible theft or attempted theft from a person without the use of a dangerous weapon should be reported under Robbery Without a Dangerous Weapon.

ROBBERY WITHOUT A DANGEROUS WEAPON
The taking or attempting to take anything of value from another’s person, by force, or by an act threatening force or violence, which puts a victim in fear, without the use of a weapon.  The stealing of someone’s property without the use of force or from a source other than the victim’s person is not included in this offense. If the taking from the person involves use of a dangerous weapon the incident is reported under Robbery With a Dangerous Weapon.

SEXUAL ASSAULT/SEXUAL BATTERY
A person is guilty of sexual battery if he/she, for the purpose of sexual arousal, sexual gratification, or sexual abuse, engages in sexual contact with another person by force and against the will of the other person, or if the person being assaulted is mentally disabled, mentally incapacitated, or physically helpless and the person performing the act knows or should reasonably know that the other person is mentally disabled, mentally incapacitated, or physically helpless.

SEXUAL MISCONDUCT
No student shall engage in behavior, which is indecent, disreputable, or of a sexual nature to include consensual sex and/or sexual acts. 

SEXUAL OFFENSE
Sexual Offense may be forcible or statutory.  Forcible Sexual Offense is committed by force and without the consent of the victim.  Statutory Sexual Offense is a sexual act committed on a child under the age of 16 by a person who is at least 12 years old and more than four years older than the victim, regardless of whether the victim consented.  Statutory Sexual Offense is also sexual acts committed on a person who is mentally handicapped or incapacitated or physically helpless, regardless of whether the victim consented.

THEFT – VALUE MORE THAN $1,000
Theft is stealing, attempting to steal, or possessing stolen property having reason to know it was stolen.

UNLAWFULLY SETTING A FIRE
Intentionally starting a fire or attempting to start a fire or aiding and abetting in the starting or attempting to start a fire without educational permission or consent is prohibited.

USE OF AND/OR DISTRIBUTION OF ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES
Consumption and/or distribution of an alcoholic beverage in any amount or form on school property owned or leased by the local Board of Education, school bus stop or at any school-sponsored event is prohibited. 

USE OF CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES
This offense includes the use of, but not limited to, marijuana, synthetic marijuana (Spice or similar product), MDPV and mephedrone (e.g. bath salts), cocaine, methamphetamine, barbiturate, heroin, mescaline, LSD, codeine, opium, ecstasy, Vicodin, Percocet, oxycontin (or generic derivatives) hallucinogenic drug or any other chemical or product that may bring about a state of exhilaration or euphoria or otherwise alter the student’s mood or behavior while on school property owned or leased by the local Board of Education, school bus stop, or at any school-sponsored event. 

CLASS IV VIOLATION

POSSESSION OF FIREARM OR DESTRUCTIVE DEVICE
Bringing or possessing a firearm or destructive device on educational property or to a school-sponsored event off of educational property, including a starter gun, which will or is designed to or may readily be converted to expel a projectile by the action of an explosive, the frame or receiver of any such weapon, or any firearm muffler or firearm silencer. A destructive device is a bomb, grenade, rocket having a propellant charge of more than four ounces, missile having an explosive or incendiary charge of more than one-quarter ounce, mine, a device similar to those above.  The term shall not include an inoperable antique firearm, a BB gun, stun gun, air rifle, or air pistol.

CLASS V VIOLATIONS

Behavior indicates that the student’s continued presence in school constitutes a clear threat to the safety of other students or school personnel.  This includes any student subject to sex offender registration pursuant to N.C.G.S.  §14-208.18. 

DEATH BY OTHER THAN NATURAL CAUSES
Death by other than natural causes is the killing of a living person done by another person including, but not limited to, murder, manslaughter, and death by vehicle.

BUS MISBEHAVIOR VIOLATION
School transportation service is a privilege, not a right.  While riding a school bus, students will at all times observe the directives of the school bus driver and all other rules outlined in this code of conduct. Failure to follow directives will result in suspension from riding the bus as determined by the principal/assistant principal.

PROVISIONS FOR ENFORCEMENT

    1. Temporary SuspensionThe principal/assistant principal may impose a temporary suspension prior to a hearing if the presence of the student creates a direct and immediate threat to the safety of other students or staff, or substantially disrupts or interferes with the education of other students or the maintenance of discipline at the school. In such cases, the principal shall give notice of the charges and an opportunity for an informal hearing as soon as practicable. 
    2. Short-Term Suspension – The exclusion of a student from school attendance for disciplinary purposes for up to 10 school days from the school to which the student was assigned at the time of the disciplinary action. A short-term suspension does not include the removal of a student from class by the classroom teacher, principal or other authorized school personnel for the remainder of the subject period or one-half of a school day and/or changing the student’s location to another room or place on the school premises. (4353)  A student subject to short-term suspension shall be provided the following:
       

      1. The opportunity to take textbooks home for the duration of the suspension.
      2. Upon request, the right to receive all missed assignments and, to the extent practicable, the materials distributed to students in connection with the assignment.
      3. The opportunity to take any quarterly, semester or grading period examinations missed during the suspension period.

    3. Long-Term Suspension – suspension from school, school activities, and school grounds in excess of 10 school days but not exceeding the time remaining in the school year except as provided in G.S. 115C-390.1(b)(7). This long-term suspension must have the approval of the superintendent.
    4. Long-Term Suspension – 365 Days – suspension from school, school activities, and school grounds for a period of 365 days as specified in G.S. 115C-390.10 Gun Possession. This long-term suspension must have the approval of the superintendent.
    5. Expulsion – indefinite exclusion from the Cumberland County School system of a student (1) who is 14 years of age or older and (2) whose behavior indicates that the student’s continued presence in school constitutes a clear threat to the safety of employees or other students. Also, in accordance with N.C.G.S. §115C-390.11(a)(2), a local Board of Education may expel any student subject to sex offender registration pursuant to N.C.G.S. §14-208.18.  Expulsion can only be authorized by the Board of Education, upon the recommendation of the principal and the superintendent.
    6. Disciplinary Reassignments – Reassignment to an alternative program
    7. Calculation of Days – number of days refers to days when schools are in session for students except for reference to a 365-day suspension, which refers to calendar days.
    8. Mandatory Offenses Reportable to Law Enforcement – When the principal has personal knowledge, a reasonable belief, or actual notice from school personnel that an act listed below has occurred on school property, regardless of the age or grade of the perpetrator or victim, the school principal must immediately report to law enforcement officials and the Safety/Security Director. The principal shall also notify the superintendent or his/her designee (Safety/Security Director) in writing or by electronic mail regarding any report made to law enforcement under this section.  The superintendent or his/her designee shall provide the information to the local Board of Education.  The mandatory reportable offenses are as follows:
          

      1. Assault resulting in serious personal injury
      2. Assault involving use of a weapon     
      3. Kidnapping
      4. Possession of controlled substance in violation of the law
      5. Possession of a firearm in violation of the law
      6. Possession of a weapon in violation of the law
      7. Rape
      8. Sexual assault (not involving rape or sexual offense)
      9. Sexual offense
      10. Taking indecent liberties with a minor

         I. Mandatory Reporting of Other Serious Violations – In addition to the 10 reportable offenses listed above any Class III, IV, or V violation must be immediately reported to the Safety/Security Director.

         J. Authority to Search – School officials have authority to conduct reasonable searches and seizures in accordance with CCS’ Board Policy 4342 for the purpose of maintaining a safe, orderly environment and of upholding standards of conduct established by the Board or school.

         K. Questioning of Students by School Personnel – District administrators or the principal of each school, or his/her authorized representative(s), possess legal authority to question students in any reasonable manner in order to investigate possible student misconduct, student health, safety or academic issues, possible child abuse, neglect, or dependency, or possible violations of Board of Education policy.

         L. Questioning of Students by Law Enforcement, DSS, or Health Department Personnel – Law Enforcement, Department of Social Services, or Health Department personnel may question students in order to  discharge their official duties, with or without parents present as allowed by law, and those personnel are responsible for protecting the constitutional rights of the students who are questioned. Parents are advised that authorities may question students in a variety of situations, including when a student is suspected of committing a crime, when a student may have been a victim of a crime or child abuse or neglect or dependency, or when a  student may possess information regarding criminal activities.

STUDENT ADMISSIONS
In accordance with G.S. 115C-366

(a4)  When a student transfers into the public schools of a local school administrative unit, that local Board of Education shall require the student’s parent, guardian, or custodian to provide a statement made under oath of affirmation before a qualified official indicating whether the student is, at the time, under suspension or expulsion from attendance at a private or public school in this or any other state or has been convicted of a felony in this or any other state.  This subsection does not apply to the enrollment of a student who has never been enrolled in or attended a private or public school in this or any other state.

(a5)  Notwithstanding any other law, a local Board of Education may deny admission to or place reasonable conditions on the admission of a student who has been suspended from a school under G.S. 115C-390.5 through G.S. 115C-390.10 or who has been suspended from a school for conduct that could have led to a suspension from a school within the local school administrative unit where the student is seeking admission until the period of suspension has expired.  Also, a local Board of Education may deny admission to or place reasonable conditions on the admission of a student who has been expelled from a school under G.S. 115C-390.11 or who has been expelled from a school for behavior that indicated the student’s continued presence in school constituted a clear threat to the safety of other students or staff as found by clear and convincing evidence, or who has been convicted of a felony in this or any other state.  If the local Board of Education denies admission to a student who has been expelled or convicted of a felony, the student may request the local Board of Education to reconsider that decision in accordance with G.S. 115C-390.12.

STUDENT READMISSIONS
In accordance with G.S. 115C-390.12 and Policy 4362 – Requests for Readmission of Students Suspended for 365 Days or Expelled, all students suspended for 365 days or expelled may, after 180 calendar days from the date of the beginning of the student’s suspension or expulsion, request in writing readmission to Cumberland County Schools. 

DUE PROCESS
The Board of Education mandates and the law requires that all students be treated fairly and honestly in resolving grievances, complaints, or suspensions/expulsions. 

Due process will be defined as fair and reasonable notices and approaches to all areas of student governance and discipline on the part of all school officials. The principal shall give full and complete consideration to the defense or excuses, if any, made by the student and dismiss the charges if not satisfied as to the guilt of the student or reduce the punishment if not satisfied as to reasonableness of the proposed disciplinary action under all the circumstances. Due process procedures will be followed in accordance with Policies 4351, 4353, 4370.  A summary of those procedures is provided below.  Students and parents should consult the relevant policy for complete information. 

When deciding whether to recommend or impose a disciplinary reassignment or long-term suspension, the principal and superintendent may consider the student’s intent, disciplinary and academic history, the potential benefits to the student of alternatives to a disciplinary reassignment or a long-term suspension, and other mitigating or aggravating factors.

Mitigating and Aggravating Factors  
When considering the appropriate consequence for specific student misconduct, administrators may consider any relevant mitigating or aggravating factors, including, but not limited to, the student’s intent, disciplinary and academic history, and the potential benefits to the student of alternatives to suspension.

  1. Mitigating Factors may include, but are not limited to: 
    1. The student’s age, maturity level, developmental level
    2. No recent disciplinary history
    3. Being a passive participant or playing a minor role in the offense
    4. Making appropriate restitution
    5. Reasonably believing the conduct was allowed
    6. Acting under strong provocation
    7. Aiding in the investigation
    8. Making a full and truthful statement admitting guilt at an early
      stage in the investigation of the offense
    9. Displaying an appropriate attitude and giving respectful
      cooperation during the investigation and discipline process
  2. Aggravating Factors may include, but are not limited to:
    1. Inducing others to take part in the prohibited behavior or
      occupying a position of leadership or dominance of other
      participants
    2. Attempting to flee or conceal guilt
    3. Falsely blaming another individual
    4. Receiving money or something of value from the misbehavior
    5. A pattern or history of disciplinary infractions
    6. School based interventions were implemented but student’s
      behavior did not improve
    7. The misconduct was associated with gang activity
    8. The victim of the misconduct is a teacher or other staff member
    9. Victimizing a significantly younger or smaller student or a
      student with a known or obvious mental or physical disability
    10. Repetitive blatant disrespect for authority
    11. Taking advantage of a position of trust or confidence to commit
      the offense
    12. Committing an offense on other school system property
  1. SHORT-TERM SUSPENSIONS (10 DAYS OR LESS) (Policy 4351)

Students will be given an opportunity for an informal hearing with the principal/assistant principal before a short-term suspension is imposed.  Except in the circumstances described below, a student must be provided an opportunity for an informal hearing with the principal/assistant principal before a short-term suspension is imposed. The principal/assistant principal may hold the hearing immediately after giving the student oral or written notice of the charges against him or her.  At the informal hearing, the student has the right to be present, to be informed of the charges and the basis for the accusations and to make statements in defense or mitigation of the charges.   Following the hearing, the principal/assistant principal shall provide written notice to the parent of his or her final decision. Initial notice may be by telephone, but it must be followed by written notice no later than two (2) days after the suspension is imposed. 

  1. Temporary (Immediate) Suspension
    If the principal/assistant principal witnesses or is made aware of serious student misconduct and believes that immediate removal of the student is necessary to restore order or to protect school property or persons on the school grounds, the principal/assistant principal may suspend the student immediately. In such cases, the principal/assistant principal is not required to conduct a full investigation before suspending the student. In all cases, the minimal due process informal hearing for short term suspensions must be given to the student as soon as is reasonably possible, usually the following school day.
  2. Notice to Parent or Guardian that a Short-Term Suspension has been imposed
    The school administrator will notify the student’s parent or guardian in writing that a short-term suspension has been imposed.  If English is the second language of the parent, the notice must be provided in English and in the parent’s primary language, when the appropriate foreign language resources are readily available.  Both versions must be in plain language and easily understandable.  The notice will explain why the student has been suspended and will describe the student’s misconduct. The notice will be provided on the day of the suspension when reasonably possible, but no later than two days after the suspension is imposed.
  3. Review of Short-Term Suspension Procedure
    If the parent believes that the principal/assistant principal failed to provide the student with sufficient notice of the charges or opportunity to respond to the charges, then the parent shall have five (5) school days from the date of the principal’s/assistant principal’s decision to make a written request to the superintendent or his/her designee for a review of the suspension procedure.  There shall be no right to appeal a short-term suspension to the Board of Education.

      B. DISCIPLINARY REASSIGNMENTS (Policy 4354) 

Students may be reassigned to an alternative program or school a disciplinary consequence. The alternative program or school will meet the requirements of the standard course of study and provide the student the opportunity to make timely progress toward grade promotion and graduation. Assignment to an alternative education program is not considered a long-term suspension and will not be reflected as a long-term suspension in the student’s academic records. As applicable, Mitigating and Aggravating Factors as set forth above should be considered before imposing a Disciplinary Reassignment.

  1. Before recommending a student for a disciplinary reassignment, the student will be provided the due process procedures applicable to short-term suspensions, described above. 
  2. The principal/assistant principal will provide the student with the due process procedures applicable for short-term suspensions.  
  3. If the principal recommends a disciplinary reassignment, he/she shall submit such recommendation to the Associate Superintendent, Student Support Services, for approval/disapproval
  4. The parent shall be provided an opportunity to present any further information to the Associate Superintendent, Student Support Services, regarding the proposed disciplinary reassignment through a Request for a Review of a Disciplinary Reassignment form provided by the principal.  The form must be submitted to the Cumberland County Schools’ Student Assignment Office within two (2) school days of the school administrative hearing in order to schedule a Review Hearing. It is recommended that the student on whose behalf the Review Hearing has been requested be present at the hearing in order to provide information related to the underlying incident(s). While attending the Review Hearing the student will not be considered in violation of any accompanying no-trespass directive.
  5. A student attending school under a disciplinary reassignment is not eligible for athletic participation and is not permitted on his/her home school campus without prior permission from the principal.
  6. A student is not entitled to appeal a decision to impose a disciplinary reassignment to the local Board of Education.
  7. In addition to the compulsory attendance law, if the student fails to enroll in and regularly attend the alternative educational setting as reassigned, or other appropriate school (e.g. private or charter school, North Carolina Virtual Public School, etc.), the disciplinary reassignment will continue until such time as reassignment to the home school is appropriate as determined by the superintendent or his/her designee.  A disciplinary reassignment may continue for a period up to and including that which could be imposed for a long-term suspension.  In addition, if the offense(s) leading to the disciplinary reassignment occurs during the final quarter of the school year, the reassignment may include a period up to the remainder of the school year in which the offense was committed and the first semester of the following school year.

    C. LONG-TERM SUSPENSION, 365-DAY SUSPENSION, EXPULSION (Policy 4353)
As applicable, Mitigating and Aggravating Factors as set forth above should be considered before imposing a Long-term Suspension, 365-day Suspension, or Expulsion.

  1. Long-term suspension, 365-Day suspension, and expulsion procedures will be followed in accordance with Policy 4353. These procedures include the right to written notice of the proposed discipline and the right to request a full hearing before the disciplinary penalty is imposed.
  2. The school administrative hearing shall be held not less than two (2) school days from the date the Notice of Charges and Hearing was mailed or hand-delivered to the parent or legal custodian.
  3. A principal may recommend to the superintendent the long-term suspension of any student who willfully engages in conduct that violates a provision of the Student Code of Conduct that authorizes long-term suspension. Only the superintendent or his/her designee has the authority to long-term suspend a student.
  4. Students subject to Long-term Suspension, 365-day Suspension, or Expulsion possess Board appeal and hearing rights pursuant to Policy 4353(B)(4), which may be viewed on the CCS website at: www.ccs.k12.nc.us

PROHIBITION AGAINST BULLYING AND HARASSMENT
The Board of Education believes that all students can learn better in a safe school environment.  Cumberland County Schools is committed to ensuring that our students are free from bullying or harassing behavior while at school.  Behavior that infringes on the safety of students will not be tolerated.  Students and parents are encouraged to report any incidents to school administration as set forth in our anti-bullying and harassment policies and procedures that may be viewed on the CCS’ website at: www.ccs.k12.nc.us

SAFE AND CARING SCHOOLS
It is the position of the Cumberland County Board of Education to promote the safety and well-being of all students, staff, and visitors in our schools.  To further that position, school personnel may employ appropriate seclusion and restraint techniques with students consistent with N.C.G.S 115C-391.1, state and local policies and procedures.  The superintendent or his/her designee will provide copies of N.C.G.S. 115C-391.1 to parents/guardians and school personnel at the beginning of each year through the Cumberland County Schools’ website or other appropriate method.

SAFE AND DRUG-FREE SCHOOLS
In an effort to create in each of our schools an environment highly conducive to learning and in compliance with Safe and Drug-Free Schools Act of 1994 – Title IV, Cumberland County schools provide comprehensive, age-appropriate, developmentally-based drug abuse and violence prevention education for all students from preschool level through grade 12.  School-based Student Services teams provide case management, intervention, and referral services and will ensure re-entry into school after treatment for those students who are otherwise entitled to services provided by the Cumberland County Board of Education.

STUDENT DRESS CODE
The Cumberland County Board of Education (Board) believes that the dress and personal appearance of students greatly affect their academic performance and their interaction with other students subject to Policies 4316/4302/4315.  The Board requests that parents outfit students in clothing that will be conducive to learning.  Generally, dress and grooming standards as determined by the student and his or her parents will be deemed acceptable.  However, the Board prohibits appearance or clothing that does the following:

  1. violates a reasonable dress code adopted and publicized by the school, including a uniform dress code approved by the Board;
  2. is substantially disruptive;
  3. is provocative or obscene;
  4. endangers the health or safety of the student or others;
  5. promotes products or activities that are illegal for use by minors 

Each local school will establish and publish a dress code applicable to that school.  A student who is not in compliance with these policies or a school dress code will be given a reasonable period of time to make adjustments so that he or she will be in compliance.  Examples of prohibited clothing include without limitation attire that depicts, promotes, or advertises gang affiliation, illegal activity, or the sale, possession, or consumption of illegal drugs, alcoholic beverages or tobacco products, sagging pants, or clothing which contains messages or images which cause, contribute to, or constitute sexual harassment.

USE OF PERSONAL TECHNOLOGY ON SCHOOL SYSTEM PROPERTY
Each principal may establish rules for his or her school site as to whether and how personal technology devices (including, but not limited to smart phones, tablets, laptops, etc.) may be used on campus. The school system assumes no responsibility for personal technology devices brought to school.

RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES

Rights of Students

Students shall have the right to:

  1. Pursue a successful education in a safe environment without disruption
  2. Receive fair and equitable treatment without discrimination in every aspect of the educational system
  3. Be treated respectfully and as an individual
  4. Be informed of their rights, responsibilities, and discipline policies

Responsibilities of Students

All students share with the administration and faculty responsibility to develop a safe learning environment within the school.  Students shall have the responsibility to:

  1. Attend school regularly, arrive on time, and bring materials
  2. Respect the personal, civil, and property rights of others
  3. Put forth conscientious effort in classroom work and homework
  4. Groom and dress appropriately
  5. Have knowledge of and conform to school rules and regulations
  6. Not use indecent, obscene, or foul language
  7. Report incidents or activities that may threaten or disrupt the school environment

Rights of Parent/Guardians

Parents shall have the right to:

  1. Receive regular official reports of their child’s academic progress
  2. Receive an explanation for the basis of any grade given by the teacher
  3. Request a conference with the teacher and/or principal
  4. Receive a prompt report of their child’s attendance to class or school
  5. Bring, or have the District provide, an interpreter during disciplinary conferences or hearings, when a parent or student has limited English proficiency and the parent or student requests an interpreter or the school observes that a parent or student’s limited English proficiency would deny them an opportunity to meaningfully participate in the conference or hearing

Responsibilities of Parent/Guardians

Parents/guardians shall have the responsibility to:

  1. Ensure that their children between the ages of 6 and 16 enroll in schools regularly, on time and for the whole school day in accordance with the laws of the State of North Carolina
  2. Present to school officials any concern in a calm, reasoned manner
  3. Work with the school on academic, disciplinary, or other related matters pertaining to their child
  4. Plan the time and place for homework assignments and provide necessary supervision
  5. Talk with their child about school activities and expected behavior
  6. Know the rules set forth in this Student Code of Conduct and review them with their child
  7. Ensure that their child receives the periodic student health examinations that are required by law
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Published by Angel Hoggard on June 27, 2019

        


Next Step

A report on Board action
Cumberland County Board of Education
Regular Meeting
June 11, 2019

Read more »

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Published by Angel Hoggard on June 12, 2019

        


The words Kids Heart Challenge written in colorful letters with a jump rope and a basketballStudents will jump rope, shoot hoops, dance or scramble their way through obstacle courses to learn about heart health while raising money for scientific research and outreach programs.

Fayetteville — Students across Cumberland County have a new way to move their bodies toward heart health, earn benefits for their schools and give back to their community. The Cumberland County Schools (CCS) is joining forces with the American Heart Association to launch the Kids Heart Challenge™, which includes jump rope, basketball, dance and warrior (obstacle course) components.
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Published by Laurie Pender on February 7, 2019

        


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